We are guessing that readers and tech-lovers will surely have heard about the term “Internet of Things”. This phrase has recently been mentioned alongside other technologies such as the Blockchain, data science etc. Also, it is often mentioned in businesses from retail to healthcare. As IoT is much related to so many other topics, some may begin to wonder what it is? What is its scope? And how is it beneficial to us? Today, Digital Ventures will share about all this.
The origin of the Internet of Things.
A good definition for the Internet of Things is everything on this earth that is able to connect to the network to exchange and share data. This can range from pills, camera, watch, light bulb, car, to even an airplane. The objective is for these devices to connect data with the least interference from a human. Also, they need to connect the data between the digital and physical world to become as close as they can.
The original concept in creating a smart device began in the 1970s from an idea called Pervasive Computing. This was when developers wanted to build a computer that can be used everywhere, anytime, and support different kinds of data format. More importantly, it needs to be capable of send tasks to other computers. This contradicts with desktop computing that emphasizes that tasks are completed within each computer. This was the physical and system limitations at that time. The phrase Internet of Things is known to have begun in 1999 by Kevin Ashton, co-founder of Auto-ID Labs MIT. He proposed a solution to connect items with RFID to P&G and called it “Internet of Things” to explain the capability of the technology that can exchange data between devices.
How does the Internet of Things work and why is it important in the digital transformation age?
IoT works as an Ecosystem. If a single element is missing, it can malfunction. IoT consists of the following elements.
- Smart Device: This device has a specific role and is the beginning of the use of IoT. It needs to consist of elements such as a microprocessor and communication device which is used to exchange data.
The data that a smart device will transmit into the system may not only include the data according to its role but will also include the condition of the device. Therefore, users will not need to physically travel to regularly check the condition of the device.
- Cloud Computing or Wireless Network: The medium that receives and transmits data from the smart device to users. Transmission can be done via a wireless network to users and via cloud computing to the cloud that supports a higher number of smart devices at a farther range. Here, it is possible to install an output converting system that fits users.
- Dashboard: This is the display unit that controls the device in the users’ hand. They can be a device or applications on computers or smartphones. Users can view data that the smart device sends to check the status of the device and system. Also, users can send new commands to the smart device.
All three parts will work automatically in unison for the system to complete its task. Users only need to install and repair the device, receive data, and update the smart device directly from the dashboard.
A significant characteristic of IoT is that it is capable of sending tasks to other devices such as smartwatch or smartband that record users’ health data. They can display detailed information on the smartphone and sensors to detect abnormalities and display the data on computers. We are quite familiar with these functions but actually, IoT has various other benefits and applications beyond our imagination.
Using the Internet of Things to make life easier.
For technology to be widespread, the price is not the only factor. However, the technology needs to be able to benefits lives. Today’s Internet of Things has several benefits as follow:
- Transmit digital data: Digital data is highly significant as they can promptly be used with other technology. IoT is able to easily and quickly store physical data in digital forms, thus, it is greatly useful in the digital transformation era.
- Precise, available, and transmits real-time data: Data from IoT is not only digitalized but can be transmitted at real-time speed with precision. Also, it is always available for use, thus, data for decision-making is on-hand.
- Lessen burden for human labor: In the past, information storage may require human to enter the space to check the equipment and find abnormalities. However, IoT not only helps us through the dashboard but we can also notice abnormalities using other technologies such as Artificial Intelligence.
- Works in areas hazardous to human: We can design smart devices to be tiny and durable that can be installed in areas which are hard to reach or dangerous such as inside oil pipelines or wastewater sewage. This can save lives and resources from the risk that may occur if one were to regularly enter hazardous areas.
The Internet of Things is one of the significant technologies in the digital transformation era. Today, it is being used in various sectors both in the business and social sphere. How is it doing and how is it growing? Follow us for more updates.
Reference: Internetofthingsagenda.techtarget.com, Forbes.com, Idc.com, Gartner.com